Medici, Cosimo de'

(1389-1464)
   The son of Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo was exiled from Florence by the Albizzi, who headed the city's oligarchic regime, for leading an opposing political faction. That faction was powerful enough to have Cosimo recalled in 1434 and the Albizzi removed from power. Cosimo became the leader of a republican system he quietly governed from behind the scenes. To ensure his hegemony, he banished his opponents and appointed magistrates from among his supporters. He also forged alliances with Milan, Naples, Rome, and Venice. His court is considered to have been key to the development of the Renaissance as he supported scholars such as Argyropoulous and Marsilio Ficino, who opened the Platonic Academy in Florence with his backing. He also was the patron of Donatello and Michelozzo, who designed his Palazzo Medici (beg. 1436). Cosimo also affected the Florentine religious fabric as he was a major supporter of the Dominicans. He gave them the San Marco Monastery in Florence after expelling the Sylvestrine monks who had occupied the building and had allowed it to fall into disrepair. Cosimo had Michelozzo renovate the structure and add a library, the first to be built in the Renaissance. Once completed, he donated 400 Latin and Greek manuscripts as the core of its collection, establishing San Marco as one of the most important public libraries of Europe. In 1438-1445, he also financed the frescoes Fra Angélico painted in the monastery's cells.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Medici, Cosimo de' — known as Cosimo the Elder born Sept. 27, 1389, Florence died Aug. 1, 1464, Careggi, near Florence Founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family. The son of the Florentine banker Giovanni di Bicci de Medici (1360–1429), Cosimo represented… …   Universalium

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  • Cosimo de' Medici — Cosimo der Alte (ital. Cosimo il Vecchio; * 27. September 1389 in Florenz; † 1. August 1464 ebenda) war der eigentliche Begründer des späteren Einflusses seiner Familie, der Medici. Cosimo de’ Medici Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cosimo I. — Cosimo I. (Gemälde von Agnolo Bronzino) Cosimo I. de’ Medici (* 12. Juni 1519 in Florenz; † 21. April 1574 in Villa di Castello bei Florenz) aus der Familie der Medici war ab 1537 Herzog der Toskana. Sein Vater war Giovanni dal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cosimo III. de' Medici — Cosimo III., Großherzog von Toskana Cosimo III. de’ Medici (* 14. August 1642 in Florenz; † 31. Oktober 1723 in Florenz) aus der Familie Medici war seit 1670 als Großherzog von Toskana der Nachfolger seines Vaters Ferdinando II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cosimo III. de Medici — Cosimo III., Großherzog von Toskana Cosimo III. de’ Medici (* 14. August 1642 in Florenz; † 31. Oktober 1723 in Florenz) aus der Familie Medici war seit 1670 als Großherzog von Toskana der Nachfolger seines Vaters Ferdinando II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cosimo III. — Cosimo III., Großherzog von Toskana Cosimo III. de’ Medici (* 14. August 1642 in Florenz; † 31. Oktober 1723 in Florenz) aus der Familie Medici war seit 1670 als Großherzog von Toskana der Nachfolger seines Vaters Ferdinando II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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